History

The area that surrounds Fredericia and Middelfart has a history that is both diverse and exciting. Since 1935, the two towns have been connected by a bridge that crosses the Little Belt. For the inauguration of the old bridge over the Little Belt, (“den gamle Lillebaeltsbro” as Danes call it today) approximately 50,000 people turned up to celebrate what was, at that time, one of Denmark’s greatest engineering achievements. This inauguration was both the beginning of an almost explosive growth of traffic over the Little Belt and simultaneously the death blow to many hundreds of years of ferry services between Middelfart and Fredericia. Before it was built, ferries sailed from Strib and Middelfart to Snoghøj on the Fredericia side. The current motorway bridge appeared in 1970.

Fredericia

As a fortified town, Fredericia has played a key role in Denmark’s history. Here you will find one of Europe’s largest and best-preserved fortified installations. Construction work began in 1650. The installations were constructed to protect the crossing from Jutland to the rest of the Kingdom against foreign military powers. The Swedes, who occupied and destroyed the city in 1657, are a case in point. The battle at Fredericia on 5 and 6 July 1849 forms the basis for one of the most famous tales in Danish military history. In 1864 Fredericia was occupied by the Austrians, but this time without a fight. Since then, Fredericia has been a nice and peaceful place to stay and visit.

The Canal Town by the Little Belt

Fredericia today

Fredericia er i dag en by i rivende udvikling og forandring.
Mange husker stadig turen over Lillebæltsbroerne, hvor man kunne se den gule røg og til tider dårlige lugte, der steg op fra skorstenene fra Fredericias industrianlæg. Der var kemikalieindustri, skibsværft, Shell raffinaderiet osv.
Området hvor der før var skibsværft og kemikalievirksomhed, er i dag ved at blive omdannet til attraktive boligområder under navnet Kanalbyen eller Fredericia C (link). Skibsværftet er flyttet til Fyn og har fundet fine rammer i en del af Lindø værftets ledige anlæg. Samtidig med forvandlingen af området, har man benyttet lejligheden til at klimasikre hele havneområdet.
Selv om Frederik d. 3. i 1600 tallet måtte opgive sine drømme om at efterligne Venedig i Fredericia, har man nu taget idéen op igen - omend i en mindre og mere symbolsk udgave. Men folkene bag Kanalbyen har kigget på de gamle tegninger fra 1600-tallet og ført nogle af de gamle planer ud i livet. De attraktive lejligheder der i disse år opføres, kommer således til at nyde godt af et unikt havneområde med udsigt til blandt andet Lillebæltsbroen, Lillebælt, Strib, legesyge delfiner og - krydstogtsskibe! De store krydstogtsrederier er nemlig ved at få øjnene op for Fredericias muligheder, godt hjulpet af den dybe havn og mulighed for anløb i gå afstand fra centrum og de mange historiske seværdigheder.
Der er dog stadig meget store virksomheder i Fredericia. I flæng kan nævnes Dong Energy, Shell raffinaderiet, der får tilført råolie fra Nordsøen, Carlsberg som har byttet Valby og Hellerup bryggerierne ud med et topmoderne bryggeri i Fredericias udkant. En af Danmarks største havneoperatører ligger i Fredericia (ADP). Derudover ligger et af Arlas og verdens mest moderne mejerier i Taulov, som er blevet knudepunkt for transport, logistik og meget andet.
Så selv om Fredericia er i forandring, ligger byen stadig i et trafikalt knudepunkt med motorvejsnet, jernbanenet og én af Danmarks største havne lige udenfor døren. Store trækplastre for virksomheder, øget beskæftigelse til byen og dermed muligheder for at udvikle byen yderligere. Ikke så ringe endda, som vi siger på jysk!

Middelfart

For almost 800 years, Middelfart has been associated with porpoise and porpoise hunting, and has been the only place inDenmarkwhere it was conducted as a type of well-organised hunting. The winding shores with the numerous bays, islands and islets enabled the porpoise hunters to chase shoals of porpoises into shallower waters so they could be more easily caught.

Middelfart was named in 1231 with its former name, Melfar. Melfar means "the water you travel between" or "the middle passage". It makes sense in relation to Middelfart, the town at Lillebælt, and from very old times, Middelfart been home to the crossing to Jutland (probably from before the 1200s). The rail crossing from Strib to Fredericia from 1872, and  later in 1935, when the Old Lillebælt Bridge was inaugurated, Middelfart is still home to "the crossing". 
During World War II, fortifications along the coast were built, as Middelfart was hit by German occupation.

Porpoises

The porpoise is a small whale and a mammal. When on land, the porpoise is black/white, but when in water, it looks grey, and that makes it difficult for predators to spot the animal.

Churches

There are several churches in Fredericia and Middelfart Municipality. However, Husby and Christian's churches can be highlighted as some of the more special churches.

Museums in Fredericia and Middelfart

Museums and exhibitions

The Little Belt area offers many cultural and historical experiences and exhibitions.